Travel Dubai – Most Popular Holiday Destination 2014. Dubai is a city-state in the United Arab Emirates, located within the emirate of Dubai. The emirate of Dubai is located southeast of the Persian Gulf on the Arabian Peninsula and is one of the seven emirates that make up the country. It has the largest population in the UAE (2,104,895) and the second-largest land territory by area after Abu Dhabi. The emirate of Dubai is rather like an independent city-state and is the most modern and progressive emirate in the UAE, developing at an unbelievable pace in the tourist and trade sectors especially.